Rural Houses of Slovenia - House in the Open-Air-Museum at Pleterje Dolenjska
Date of issue: 13.11.2020
Author: Marko Prah
Motive: Rural Houses of Slovenia - House in the Open-Air-Museum at Pleterje Dolenjska
Printed by: Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost d.o.o., Zagreb, Croatia
Printing Process and Layout: 4-colour offset in miniature sheet of 1 stamp
Paper: Tullis Russell Chancellor Litho PVA RMS GUM, 102 g/m2
Size: Stamp 42.60 x 29.82 mm; miniature sheet 70.00 x 60.00 mm
Perforation: Harrow 14 : 14
The Kegljevič house from the village of Ostrog
An open-air museum designed to illustrate the living and working environment of poor farmers in nineteenth-century Lower Carniola (the Dolenjska region of present-day Slovenia) began to be created in the settlement of Apnenik, close to the Carthusian monastery or charterhouse of Pleterje, in 1984. The Kegljevič house, dating from 1833, was transported to the museum site from the village of Ostrog in 1991. It was followed by the Banič house from the village of Miholovo at the foot of the Gorjanci hills. Dobrobvoljc’s barn came from the same village, while the museum’s pigsty hails from the village of Javorovica above Pleterje. The collection of buildings also includes a characteristic double hayrack of the type known as a toplar, a well, a drying house for fruit and flax, and a “long-drop” latrine.
The Kegljevič house is a typical example of a single-storey unplastered wooden house with an open-hearth kitchen. Its walls were made of oak logs and the roof was thatched with straw. The house was moved to the open-air museum from its original location complete with all its furniture, so it offers an excellent insight into living conditions in the first half of the nineteenth century. The interior of the Banič house, meanwhile, has been somewhat adapted to allow for the sale of souvenirs and other visitor activities. With its two houses and various farm buildings, the open-air museum has been a popular attraction among visitors to the municipality of Šentjernej and the wider Dolenjska region. In the future, however, the museum is likely to be moved to a new location either within the present municipality or in the municipality of Šmarješke Toplice. The large number of visitors to the museum means that the monks of Pleterje do not have the necessary peace and quiet for prayer and contemplation.