Architecture in Slovenia - The Meksika Building
Date of issue: 29.01.2021
Author: Robert Žvokelj, DAK
Motive: The Meksika Building
Printed by: Agencija za komercijalnu djelatnost d.o.o., Zagreb, Croatia
Printing Process and Layout: 4-colour offset in miniature sheet of 1 stamp
Paper: Tullis Russell Chancellor Litho PVA RMS GUM, 102 g/m2
Size: Stamp 42.60 x 29.82 mm; miniature sheet 70.00 x 60.00 mm
Perforation: Harrow 14 : 14
The Meksika building
1926−1927, Vladimir Šubic
The Meksika building was built on Ahacljeva Cesta (today’s Njegoševa Cesta) in Ljubljana in 1927, on an empty site on the edge of the city centre. It was designed by the architect Vladimir Šubic and was one of the first residential developments in the city for municipal employees. Šubic modelled the building on the social housing being built in “Red” Vienna in the same period. Like the Viennese municipal housing complexes of the Hof (court) type, Meksika was a large residential block consisting of four wings enclosing an inner courtyard. Other elements inspired by the Viennese buildings include a fortress-like appearance, pure volumes and the incorporation of artistic elements: the main entrance flanked by statues of a mother and father by sculptor Lojze Dolinar and the vaulted ceiling of the passage leading from the entrance into the courtyard, which was decorated with scenes of family life by the painter Rihard Jakopič.
Šubic planned Meksika on a larger scale than the building we see today. The original design was for a two-part building with two inner courtyards. Only the first part was built, although the projecting sections where the second part would have been added are still visible today. At street level the building had four shops beneath the arches on the street-facing corners. The basement contained a communal bathhouse and laundry, while the upper floors were given over to flats of different sizes. The most basic flats consisted of a small entrance hall with a storage cupboard and a toilet opening off it, a kitchen and a single bedroom. Despite their modest design, the flats in the Meksika building represented a considerable advance in the standard of housing for the lower and middle classes. They occupied the full width of the wing, with windows on either side and thus enjoyed good light and ventilation and at least basic sanitary facilities.